- Langton, Christopher G. (1989) "Artificial Life", in Artificial Life, Langton (ed), (Addison-Wesley:Reading, MA) page 1.
- Artificial Life Organizations
- The Artificial Life Project
- Reading "A New Defintion of Artificial Life" C. G. Langton P3.
- "The Nature of Life" by C. H. Waddington
- Introduction to the Proceedings of The first "Artificial Life Workshop", held in Los Alamos in 1987.
- Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Stuart J. Russell and Peter Norvig, 3rd Ed.
- Artificial Intelligence A Modern Approach 2nd Solution Manual
- Essentials of Artificial Intelligence by Matthew Ginsberg
- The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, Fisher, R.A. The Clarendon Press, Oxford, U.K., 1930.
- Handbook of Evolutionary Computation by Thomas Back, David B. Fogel, and Zbigniew Michalewicz
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